Define pancreatitis and how is it treated.
As the name suggests, pancreatitis is an issue related to the pancreas. Before getting an insight of this condition, let us first know a little about this particular organ. Your pancreas is a large and important organ residing behind the stomach. It is connected to the small intestine through the duodenum. Your pancreas plays a very important part in digestion by secreting certain enzymes helpful in digesting the food and producing hormones (insulin) that regulates the blood sugar level. When your pancreas develops a pathologic swelling that causes inflammation, such a condition is called pancreatitis. The treatment of this condition depends on whether the pancreatitis is acute or chronic. Those living in Dubai, can find the best gastroenterologists in Dubai at Lapsurgery.ae in the case of any Gastro problem.
Under abnormal situations, like that in pancreatitis, the digestive enzymes are activated inside the organ and start to digest the organ itself. This cause rupturing and injury of the tissue and thus inflammation, hence developing pancreatitis. It can be of following two types:
- Acute pancreatitis: in this the pancreatitis pain appears suddenly and lasts for a short duration of time, for a few days. In case this acute condition is mild it can improve on its own with few changes in diet.
- Chronic pancreatitis: in this the pancreatitis condition develops gradually over time and may last for several years. This can lead to a permanent damage of the organ causing a number of medical issues.
Symptoms of pancreatitis
The various symptoms of pancreatitis include:
- Abdominal pain that might occur in discrete episodes or continuously. This pain can last for several hours to days or even many months.
- Nausea or vomiting with fever and a tight abdomen.
- Abdominal pain can radiate to the back and sometimes in the chest too.
- Diarrhoea with greasy stools.
- Weight loss with loss of appetite.
- Repeated bouts of pancreatitis can cause bacterial infection, which leads to high fevers, abscess formation, and also a complete malfunction of the organ.
Treatment of Pancreatitis
Patients suffering acute pancreatitis pain should be immediately admitted in the hospital while those suffering with chronic pancreatitis can be treated in a normal outpatient setting. The treatment of this condition very much depends on its cause, however, generally the treatment regimen given below is followed initially:
- In order to help the pancreas to rest and heal itself, fasting is the first thing don’t.
- The patient is given IV fluids to prevent dehydration
- Some mild painkillers are given to avoid pain.
If gallstones cause pancreatitis, then a surgical intervention is often done to eliminate the gallstones or the gallbladder.
The doctor may recommend certain medication to decrease the triglyceride levels of the patient, if the high triglyceride is the reason for the pancreatitis condition.
In case the pancreatitis is caused due to alcohol consumption or due to certain medication, the medical practitioner may ask you to abstain from alcohol or stop the medication intake respectively.
Along with pain medications, certain pancreatic enzyme supplement can be recommended by the best gastroenterologists in Dubai